What Does a Truly Old Forest Look Like?

When I started working as an ecologist in Vermont, I sought out old forest. I wanted to know: what was “that wild forest?” What might it have looked like before Europeans settled and “tamed” the land? Gifford Woods State Park in Killington was among the places I explored that first summer, and when I saw it, I was absolutely awestruck.

Dairy farmers worked with VLT and the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation to protect land along Lewis Creek in Starksboro.

Working Together for Clean Water

Cliffords have been farming in Starksboro since the family first arrived from Scotland in 1790. “What history has told us,” says eighth-generation farmer Eric Clifford, pointing east from his kitchen […]